How to Repair Windows 11 Without a CD: 12 Methods Explained!

Windows 11 was released over a year ago and the OS has received numerous updates since then. These updates focused on fixing bugs, improving performance, and adding new features. However, despite these improvements, some installations may experience occasional errors and crashes.

This may indicate a problem with your current installation of Windows 11 specific to your installation. It can also lead to a BSOD, in which case you may need to repair Windows 11. Here’s everything you need to know about it.

When should you repair Windows 11?

You should restore Windows 11 if you see slow performance or intermittent crashes on your system. Here is a list of all reasons and scenarios in which it is recommended to repair your Windows 11 installation.

And more. If you suspect that you’re experiencing problems with Windows 11 that may be related to your installation, it might be time to fix your installation.

How to restore Windows 11

There are many ways to repair your Windows 11 installation depending on the issue you are currently experiencing. We recommend that you start with the general recovery options mentioned below and then use other fixes depending on the problem you are currently facing. Let’s start.

Method 1: Using Startup Repair

Startup Repair is a Windows recovery option that can help fix problems booting and then signing into Windows 11. If you’re having problems signing in to your account or problems booting Windows, you can use Startup Repair to fix the same most. Follow the steps below to help guide you through the process. 

Click Windows + iand click Recovery.

Click “Restart Now” next to “Advanced Startup”.

Your computer will now restart in recovery mode. Once rebooted, click Troubleshoot.

Now click Startup Repair.

Click and select your user account. 

Verify your identity using a password. After that click “Continue”.

Let the recovery tool diagnose and fix problems with your computer as usual. This may take some time depending on the resources available. After doing that, restart your computer and the startup issues on your Windows 11 system should now be fixed.

Method 2: Using System Restore

System Restore can help you restore your Windows installation to a previous point in time. You can use this to your advantage and restore your computer to a previous known working state if you have a saved restore point. Follow the steps below to help guide you through the process. 

Click Windows + Rto launch Run.

Now type the following and press Enter.

rstrui.exe

Click “Next.

Now click and select the appropriate restore point from the list on the screen.

Click “Next” when you’re done.

Click Done.

Windows will now restore your computer to the selected restore point. After that, restart your computer if it didn’t happen automatically. You have now restored Windows 11 by restoring it to a previously known working state. 

Method 3: Fix Disk Issues

We recommend that you also repair your Windows 11 recovery discs and drives. This can help improve performance depending on the issues you’re experiencing. Follow the steps below to help guide you through the process.

Click Windows + Rto launch Run.

Enter the following and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter.

cmd

Now type the following command and press Enter.

sfc /scannow

Once the scan is complete, use the following command to close CMD.

exit

Now tap Windows + iand click Recovery.

Click Restart now.

Click “Troubleshoot” after restarting your computer.

Now click and launch Command Prompt.

Use the following command to check and repair your startup disk. If necessary, replace C: with the appropriate letter of your boot drive.

chkdsk c: /f /r

After that, use the following command to close the command prompt.

exit

Restart your computer to boot into Windows 11. Now you will have fixed disk and storage issues in Windows 11.

Method 4: Repair System Files

You can also restore system files using the DISM command. It can help fix excessive resource usage and replace corrupted system files on your system. Use the steps below to help guide you through the process.

Click Windows + Rto launch Run.

Now enter the following and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter.

cmd

Type the following and press Enter.

DISM /Online /Cleanup-Image /RestoreHealth

Windows will now scan and repair system files on your system. This may take some time depending on the available bandwidth and resources. After that, you can close CMD and continue using your computer normally.

Method 5: Use the Windows Troubleshooter

Windows troubleshooters have come a long way since they first appeared with limited functionality. Troubleshooters can now diagnose and fix problems using the huge patch catalog on Microsoft servers. We recommend that you try using the Windows troubleshooter to fix problems with Windows 11. Follow the steps below to guide you through the process. 

Click Windows + iand click Troubleshoot.

Click Other troubleshooters.

Now find the troubleshooter related to your issue. For this example, we will use the Power Troubleshooter. Once you find it, click Run next to it.

The troubleshooter will now automatically diagnose and identify the appropriate issues on your system. If any fixes are available for your system, you will be notified. Click Apply this fix.

After that, click Close.

You have now repaired your Windows 11 installation using the troubleshooter. Continue to use additional troubleshooters as needed depending on the issues you are experiencing with your PC. 

Method 6: Check and fix driver issues

If you’re having problems with hardware components or peripherals, you might have driver problems. We recommend that you check and fix the same on your PC using the guide below. Let’s start.

Step 1: Check for and remove faulty drivers

Click Windows + Xand click Device Manager.

Now look for devices with a Warning sign next to them. If you find them, then these devices have driver problems. Let’s start by removing the problematic driver. Right-click on the device in question and select Properties.

Click and go to the “Details” tab.

Now click the dropdown menu and select Inf name.

Write down the name of the .inf file shown below.

Click and go to the Driver tab.

Click Remove device.

Select the Try to uninstall the driver for this device check box.

Click Remove.

Close Device Manager and download Driver Store Explorer. Use this link or the link below to download and extract it to your computer.

Now run the same using Rapr.exe.

DriverStoreExplorer will now scan your computer for installed drivers. Click INF at the top once you’re done. Your driver files will now be sorted alphabetically by name.

Find the filename. inf that we wrote down earlier for the corresponding device. If you find any, check the box for the same. If you find multiple drivers for your device, check the boxes for all driver versions on your PC. 

When you’re done, check the “Force Delete” box.

Click Remove Drivers.

Click OK to confirm your choice. 

You have now removed the faulty or malfunctioning drivers from your system. Continue uninstalling drivers for other devices that are having issues with your PC using the steps above. You can then use the guide below to repair and reinstall the drivers for the respective device.

Step 2: Repair faulty devices

You can repair failed devices by allowing Windows to install the appropriate driver for your device, or by manually installing the appropriate driver. Use any of the sections below depending on your current preferences.

Option 1: Let Windows find and use the appropriate driver

Windows can automatically find and install the appropriate drivers for most of your PC’s components. You can use this to your advantage to find a working driver for your device that works well on Windows 11. Use the steps below to guide you through the process. 

Click Windows + Xand click Device Manager.

Now right-click on the appropriate device in the list on the screen.

Select Update driver.

Click Search for Drivers Automatically.

Windows will now find and install the appropriate drivers for the selected device. Click Close when finished.

That’s all! You have now automatically installed the appropriate drivers using Windows.

Option 2: Manually install the appropriate driver

If you have the latest drivers for the respective device, you can use the guide below to install them on your system. You can find hardware component specific drivers on most OEM support websites. Follow the guide below to get started.

Click Windows + Xand click Device Manager.

Now click the Add Driver icon at the top.

Click Browse.

Now select the appropriate folder for the driver in the local storage. Click OK when done.

Check the “Include subfolders” box and click “Next”.

Windows will now find and install all the necessary drivers for your PC from the selected location. After that, click Close.

And that’s how you can manually install drivers for your hardware components.

Method 7: Using a Third Party Tool

You can use the following third-party tools to fix Windows 11 issues without a CD. We recommend the following tools because of their ease of use and the easily reversible changes made to your computer. Follow any of the sections below depending on the tool you wish to use.

Fix Win 10

Download FixWin10 from the link above and save it to a convenient location. Extract the archive after downloading and run FixWin10 using the file. exe.

Now use the options available on your screen to fix and restore Windows 11. We recommend that you choose the fixes mentioned below to cover all your bases. 

Now you can click and select a category on the left and find the right fix for your PC based on the issues you are facing in Windows 11. FixWin 10 categorizes fixes into the following categories. 

Find the issue you’re experiencing and click “Fix” next to it. 

Restart your computer once you’re done. Your issues should now be fixed in Windows 11 thanks to FixWin 10. 

Windows Recovery Toolkit

Download Windows Repair Toolbox from the link above. After downloading, unzip the archive and run Windows Repair Toolbox using the file. exe.

Click I Accept to accept the license agreement.

The Repair Toolbox will now update its definitions and scan your computer. Click Start.

Windows Repair Toolbox comes with various built-in fixes, as well as links to tools that you can later use to troubleshoot your system. The first page will help you find most of the third party tools depending on the problem you are facing. 

You can also use the Windows partition to use your own tools and troubleshoot your PC.

Hovering over a parameter will give you more information about the same.

In addition to the tools, you also get access to the following categories with various fixes to troubleshoot your PC.

Restart your computer after you have applied the necessary fixes if you are not prompted. You have now fixed Windows 11 with Windows Repair Toolbox.

Method 8: Fix Boot Issues

If you’re having trouble booting Windows 11, you can use the built-in Windows boot repair tools to try and fix the problem. Follow the steps below to help guide you through the process.

Note. If you can’t boot Windows, you can automatically enter recovery mode after a few restarts.

Click Windows + iand click Recovery.

Click Restart now.

Once your computer restarts, click Troubleshoot.

Click More options.

Click Command Prompt.

The command prompt should now appear on your screen. Now use the following commands to fix and repair your Windows 11 installation.

If the last command throws an error, you can use the following set of commands to fix the problem. This will backup your current BCD store and create a new one from scratch. Run each command one by one in the order they are listed below. 

After that, use the following command to close CMD.

exit

Restart your computer and you should now be able to boot into Windows 11 normally.

Method 9: Remove problematic updates and programs

Problematic updates and programs can also cause problems with your Windows 11 system. Removing them can help you restore your current Windows 11 installation. Follow the instructions below to help you through the process. 

Tap Windows + iand click Applications.

Click Installed Applications.

Select Delete.

Click Remove again to confirm your choice. 

The selected application will be removed from your PC. Continue uninstalling additional applications from your PC depending on the issues you are facing with your system. When you’re done, open the start menu, search for Control Panel, click and launch it from the search results.

Click the drop-down menu in the upper right corner and select Large Icons.

Click Programs and Features.

Now click and select the program you want to remove from your PC. 

Click Remove at the top.

The selected program will be removed from your system. If the program has a dedicated uninstaller, you can follow the on-screen instructions to remove the program from your PC. Continue uninstalling additional programs that you suspect are causing problems with your PC.

After that, click View installed updates on the left.

You will now be shown a list of updates recently installed on your system. Find the update that you think is causing problems with Windows 11 and click Uninstall.

Click Remove again to confirm your choice. 

The selected update will be removed from your system. After that, restart your computer unless asked. Windows 11 should now work properly if a faulty update or program was causing problems on your system.

Method 10: Clean the Registry

The Registry is a one-stop shop for managing all Windows settings. The registry stores values ​​for all of your settings and choices in Windows, as well as additional customized settings for background applications and services. The registry is also used by third party programs and applications to store various settings and values.

Over time, your registry can become cluttered and, in the worst case, contain keys and values ​​that are no longer valid on your system. This can cause instability, slow performance, crashes, and even BSODs.

Cleaning the registry is a great way to maintain and fix Windows installation issues. Use this detailed guide from us to clean the registry in Windows 11. You will find as many as 4 methods to fix the registry on your Windows 11 system.

Method 11: Clear Windows 11 Cache

Windows as an OS creates and stores a lot of temporary files in the background. These files help reduce startup time, improve performance, and provide easy access to data, ensuring that you can easily undo any major changes to your system. However, the cache and other leftover files can cause problems over time with certain settings.

These problems can be quite noticeable if you have a weak PC with limited resources. Clearing the cache in Windows 11 can help resolve these issues by ensuring you don’t lose important data in the process.

There are several ways to clear your system cache in Windows 11. We recommend that you refer to this post from us for all the ways to clear the cache in Windows 11.

Method 12: Delete system junk files in Windows 11

Junk and leftover temporary files is another reason to worry if you are still unable to repair your Windows 11 installation. Junk files and temporary files are created by most of the programs, apps and software running on your system.

In addition, Windows services and applications also create temporary files when you use them on your PC. These files help applications easily access data in the background when needed to improve your PC’s performance. However, when you receive updates for apps and Windows, these files can go missing or become corrupted, which can cause problems with your Windows installation.

Use this detailed guide from us to remove junk files from your Windows 11 system. This should help fix persistent problems on your system and improve its performance.

Latest resorts

If at this point you still haven’t fixed the problem, it’s time to take drastic measures. We recommend that you restart your Windows 11 PC using this guide from us. Resetting can help you start from scratch and set up your computer according to your preferences. The reset will also update system files and services, which should fix most issues in the process.

You have the option to keep or delete files when you restart your computer. We recommend that you back up important data and restart your computer, while deleting all files and applications from your system. This ensures that after the reset, no faulty files or applications remain on your system that can still cause problems with your system.

We hope this post helped you quickly restore Windows 11 without CD. If you run into any issues or have additional questions, feel free to leave them in the comments below.

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